Republic of North Macedonia
The Republic of North Macedonia is located in Southeast Europe, in the center of the Balkan Peninsula and covers an area of 25,713 km².
The capital of the Republic of North Macedonia is Skopje.
Administratively, the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia is divided in 80 municipalities, 10 of which constitute the City of Skopje, as a separate unit of local self-government. For statistical, economic and administrative purposes, the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia is divided into eight planning regions.
The relief of the Republic of North Macedonia is mainly mountainous.
The Republic of North Macedonia borders the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo to the north, the Republic of Bulgaria to the east, the Hellenic Republic to the south, and the Republic of Albania to the west.
In the Republic of North Macedonia, according to the last census conducted in 2021, there are 1.836.713 citizens.
In the Republic of North Macedonia live members of the Macedonian people, as well as citizens who are part of the Albanian people, the Turkish people, the Vlach people, the Serbian people, the Roma people, the Bosniak people, and others.
On the whole territory of the Republic of North Macedonia and in its international relations, official language is the Macedonian language and its Cyrillic alphabet. Another language spoken by at least 20% of the citizens is also an official language and its alphabet, in accordance with the law.
North Macedonia Denar
The Republic of North Macedonia has moderate continental to Mediterranean climate, with four distinct seasons. Along the valley of the river Vardar and the region of Strumica, the climate is moderately Mediterranean, while towards the interior of the country the climate is mostly continental with dry and hot summers and cold rainy winters.
UTC + 1 (CET)
UTC + 2 (CEST)
Political and judicial system
The Republic declared independence after the referendum held on September 8th, 1991.
The Republic of North Macedonia is a sovereign, independent, democratic and social country.
The state power is divided into legislative, executive and judicial.
The President of the Republic of North Macedonia represents the Republic and is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of North Macedonia.
The Assembly of the Republic of North Macedonia is a representative body of the citizens and holder of the legislative power of the Republic. The Assembly consists of 120 to 140 MPs, who are elected in general, direct and free elections in a secret voting.
The Government of the Republic of North Macedonia is the bearer of the executive power. The Government and each of its members are elected in the Assembly and are responsible for their work before the Assembly. The Government consists of a president and ministers.
The judicial power is exercised by the courts. The Supreme Court of the Republic of North Macedonia is the highest court in the Republic and ensures unity in the application of the laws by the courts.
The Judicial Council of the Republic of North Macedonia is an autonomous and independent body of the judiciary, which provides and guarantees the autonomy and independence of the judiciary.
The Public Prosecution Office is a sole and independent state body that prosecutes perpetrators of criminal acts and other criminal offenses established by law, and performs other activities determined by law.
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of North Macedonia is a body of the Republic that protects the constitutionality and legality.
Citizens are guaranteed the right to local self-government. Units of local self-government are the municipalities.
State symbols of the Republic of North Macedonia
Coat of arms of the Republic of North Macedonia
The state coat of arms is landscape-like. The coat of arms of the Republic of North Macedonia is a field surrounded with wheat sheaves that merge at the top, interwoven with poppy and tobacco leaves, connected at the bottom with a folk pattern ribbon. In the middle of the field is a mountain, outlined with a river at its foot, and rising sun behind it.
Flag of the Republic of North Macedonia
The flag of the Republic of North Macedonia was adopted in 1995 and symbolizes a sun with eight rays on a red background. From the center of the red background, the golden sun is spreading with eight rays, which extend from the solar disk by extension to the edges of the flag. The sun’s rays cross the diagonal, horizontally and vertically. The center of the sun coincides with the point at which the diagonals of the flag meet. The ratio of the width and length of the flag is 1:2.
Anthem of the Republic of North Macedonia
“Today Over Macedonia” is the anthem of the Republic of North Macedonia, composed in 1941. The author of the text is Vlado Maleski, and author of the music is Todor Skalovski. After the end of the World War II, it was adopted as the anthem of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia within the former Yugoslavia, and in 1992 it was declared by law as the anthem of the independent Republic of Macedonia.
Today over Macedonia
Today over Macedonia
Today over Macedonia, is being born
the new sun of liberty.
Macedonians are fighting,
fighting for their rights!
Do not cry dear mother Macedonia,
Raise your head proudly high,
Old, young, men and women,
The legs revolted!
Now once again the flag stands
(that) of the Krushevo Republic
Goce Delchev, Pitu Guli
Dame Gruev, Sandanski!
The Forests of Macedonia are singing
new songs, new newspapers!
Macedonia is liberated
Lives in liberty!